Similarities of Individual and Group Counselling

  Similarities of Individual and Group Counselling:
  • The objectives of both are almost similar. Both techniques aim at helping the counselee achieve self-integration, self-direction and response ability.
  • In both the techniques, the counsellor presents an accepting, permissive climate for the clients to participate freely such that their differences are reduced.
  • Both techniques aim at clarifying feelings, restatement of content, and the like. The counsellor helps the clients to become aware of their feelings and attitudes and also to examine them. The members who receive help in both the techniques are normal individuals who have common development problems concerning needs, interests and aspirations.
  • Both approaches provide for privacy and confidentiality of relationship.
Differences of Individual and Group Counselling:
  • Individualized counselling is a one-to one, face-to-face relationship marked by intimacy, warmth and rapport between the counsellor and counselee. In group counselling there is a physical proximity of other members with perhaps similar problems. The client may obtain solace from the knowledge that he is not the only one with problems and that there are others who have similar problems.
  • In group counselling, unlike in individualized counselling the counselees not only receive help but also give help to others. The more cohesive the group, the more are the members able to help one another. This co-operative feeling brings the member closer which in turn helps in facilitating the mutual expression of feelings.
  • The counsellor’s task is somewhat more complex in group counselling. He has not only to follow, but also to sense and appreciate what a member says but also how this affects other members and their reactions. The counsellor in a group counselling situation has more demands to meet and satisfy.
Steps in the Counselling Process:
  • The individual in need comes for help.
  • The helping situation is usually defined.
  • The counsellor encourages free expressions of feelings with regard to the problem.
  • He counsellor accepts, recognizes and clarifies these negative feelings, which is quiet fully expressed; they are followed by the faint and tentative expressions of the positive impulsive which makes the growth.
  • The counsellor accepts and recognizes the positive feelings which are expressed in the same manner he/she has accepted and recognized the negative feelings.
  • This insight, this understanding of the self and acceptance of the self is the next important aspect of the whole process.
  • When the individual’s negative feelings have been quite fully expressed, they are followed by the faint and tentative expression of the positive impulsive which makes the growth.
  • Intermingled with this process of insight and its should again be emphasized that neither the step outlines are mutually exclusive nor do they proceed in a rigid order is a process of clarification of possible decisions possible course of actions.
  • Then comes one of the fascinating aspects of such therapy, the initiation of minute, but highly significant , positive reactions.
  • This is, first of all, a development of further insight more complete and accurate self-understanding as the individual gains courage to see more deeply into his or her actions.
  • There are increasingly integrative positive actions on the part of the client. There is less fear about making a choice and more confidence in self-directed action.
  • There is a feeling of decreasing need for help and recognition on the part of the client that the relationship must end.
Source taken from Rehabilitation Council of India.
The above content is helpful for the friends who are preparing for the RCI exam.


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